DOLLS HOUSE HISTORY
Dolls houses and dolls house furnitue domestic articles and resident inhabitants were used ,(both people and animals), have been made for thousands of years. The earliest known dolls houses were found in the Egyptian Tombs of the Old Kingdom, created nearly five thousand years ago. These wooden models of servants, furnishings, boats, livestock and pets placed in the Pyramids almost certainly were made for religious purposes. The earliest known European dolls houses are from the Sixteenth Century. These baby or cabinet dolls houses showed idealized interiors complete with extremely detailed furnishings and accessories (mostly hand made).
The early European dolls houses were each unique, constructed on a custom basis by individual craftsmen. With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, factories began mass producing toys, including dolls houses and miniatures suitable for furnishing them. German companies noted for their dolls houses included Christian Hacker, Moritz Gottschalk, Elastolin, and Moritz Reichel. The list of important English companies includes Siber & Fleming, Evans & Cartwright, and Lines Brothers (which became Tri-ang). By the end of the Nineteenth Century American dolls houses were being made in the United States by The Bliss Manufacturing Company.
Germany was the producer of the most prized dolls houses and doll house miniatures up until The Great War. Notable German miniature companies included Marklin, Rock and Garner and others. Their products were not only avidly collected in Central Europe, but regularly exported to Britain and North America. Germany's involvement in WWI seriously impeded both production and export. New manufacturers in other countries arose.
The Toy Furniture Shop of Providence, Rhode Island (The TynieToy Company) made authentic replicas of American antique houses and furniture in a uniform scale beginning in about 1917 . Other American companies of the early Twentieth Century were Roger Williams Toys, Tootsietoy, Schoenhut, and the Wisconsin Toy Co. Dolls house dolls and miniatures were also produced in Japan, mostly by copying original German designs.
After WW II dolls houses became mass produced in factories on a much larger scale, and with less detailed craftsmanship, than ever before. By the 1950's the typical dollhouse sold commercially was painted sheet metal filled with plastic furniture. The cost of these dolls houses was low enough to allow the great majority of girls from the developed western countries that were not struggling with rebuilding after WWII to own a dolls house.
The baby houses of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and the toy dollhouses of the nineteenth and early twentieth century rarely had uniform scales, even for the features or contents of any one individual house. Although a number of manufacturers made lines of miniature toy furniture in the Nineteenth Century, these products were not to a strict scale.
There have been several standard scales in dolls houses over the years. Children's toy houses during most of the 20th century were three quarter scale (where 1 foot is represented by 3/4 of an inch), also known as 1:18 (1" equals 18"). Popular brands included Lundby (Sweden) (established in 1947 and still going strong), Renwal, Plasco, Marx, Petite Princess, and T. Cohn (all American) and Caroline's Home, Barton, Dol-Toi and Triang (English). A few nominally 3/4-scale brands may run closer to 1:16 scale. With the exception of Lundby, 3/4-scale furniture was most often made from plastic. Houses were made from a variety of materials, including metal (tin litho), fibreboard, plastic, and wood.
In Germany during the middle part of the 20th century 1/10th scale became popular (based on a metric system where 10 inches is represented by 1 inch). Toylike houses coming out of Germany today remain closer in scale to 1:10 than to 1:12.
In the 1970s, the standard for adult collectors became 1/12th (also called 1" or one inch scale, represented in the U.S. as 1:12). There is also half inch scale or 1/24th (1 foot is represented by 1/2 an inch), quarter inch scale or 1/48th (1 foot is represented by 1/4 of an inch), and "dollhouse for a dollhouse" (1:144). Half-inch scale was popular in Marx dolls houses in the 1950s but only became widely available in "collector" houses after 2002, about the same time that even smaller scales became more popular. These smaller scales are much more common in the U.S. than in Britain.
And finally there is "Playscale" or 1/6th which is proportionate for Barbie and other similar dolls.
Contemporay kit and fully built dolls houses are typically made of plywood or medium density fibreboard. Tab-and-slot kits use a thinner plywood and are held together by a system of tabs and slots (plus glue). These dolls houses are usually light-weight and lower cost but often require siding, shingles, or other exterior treatments to look their best. Kits made from heavier plywood or MDF are held together with nails and glue. In the U.S., most houses have an open back and a fancy front facade, while British dolls houses are more likely to have a hinged front that opens to reveal the rooms. The great majority of contemporary dolls houses are built in one inch scale.
WE SELL doll houses doll houses accessory basement collectable collectables
collectible collectibles collectors conservatory crafts & hobbies doll
furniture doll kit miniature doll furniture houses make doll house
doll houses furniture doll houses furniture kit doll houses in uk doll houses kit doll houses make own
doll houses miniature uk doll houses plan doll houses uk doll houses wooden dollhouses dolls
dollhouse dolls house furniture dolls house kits dollshouses dollshouses miniature dollshouses printables
dolls house dollshouses lighting dollshouses tudor furniture general lights make doll houses miniaturemaking character dolls' houses in 1/12 scale miniature craft miniature doll houses miniature doll houses kit
miniatures rooms wooden doll houses kits toymaking - dollhouses victorian doll houses kit
woodwork arts and crafts
ALL dolls Houses Uk Mainland P&P £7.00